Water is life. Nature has capacity to recycle it. Natural cycle ensures the availability of fresh water to humanity. However, exponential increase in population & rapid industrialization has increased the demand of fresh water by many folds. This is further augmented by increased discharge of untreated waste water. The natural hydrology cycle has reached its threshold limit. This has necessitated the need of cheap, replicable & decentralized solution which can be implemented easily to treat wastewater for further reuse.
Also water is a scare resource, and its avaliblity depands upon time and place. But it is very important for developmental and environmental requirements. But, due to a large amount of tangibility involved in developmental activities, environmental activities find a lower preference. Most of water will be transferred for the human needs, this will create a big amount of water pollution and a low amount of water will be available for environmental upgradation (Activities like plantation or landscaping). As like most of the developmental activities; environmental activities also requires a big amount of water for trees and landscaping. Water consumption growth in the urban human settelment will grow dramatically. But, the quality of living standard will deplete, due to lack of reduction in green infrastructure. We will have to look for a solution that can go hand in hand with urban development.
The problem is further augmented by the climate change problem. Especially developing countries will face big challenges to support the development path. Country like India has larest water foot print in terms of green, blue and grey. Most of the large water source (rivers and lakes) are become polluted to useable limit. Also underground water is depleting at a fast rate. Water is a free resource in India, so people don’t realize its value. Society, agriculture and Industry exploit natural water reservoir freely and produce almost same amount of pollutanted water.
Wetlands have a capacity to treat the waste water and convert it to portable water. By constructing artificial wetland waste water from households can be treated. The solution is very simple to implement, has minimal installation & maintenance cost and can be easily replicated. The ecological output and impact in monetary terms far outweighs the input cost which makes it economically viable, socially acceptable and environmentally responsible system leading to sustainable life on earth.
We are a new venture (Aqua-Sanjivini) who is working for the economical solution of waste water and water need by creating artificial wetlands. It is a further step towards green economy.